IK INTERNATIONAL Digitized by The Association for Preservation Technology International For the Building Technology Heritage Library http://archive.org/details/buildingtechnologyheritagelibrary "&td)arbsiott" (Trade Mark Reg. in V. S. Pat. Office) Steam and Hot Water BOI LERS ARE SUPERIOR IN QUALITY ECONOMICAL IN FUEL GIVE UNIVERSAL SATISFACTION Oh E U ■a *~ o a ~ G la I o No. 108— A January 1915 PRICE LIST OF "Itrfjarhaott" Unite for STEAM AND HOT WATER H E ATI N G Manufactured by Richardson & Boynton Go. 31 West 31st Street - NEW YORK 171-173 West Lake Street .... CHICAGO 405 Boylston Street BOSTON 1342 Arch Street PHILADELPHIA IMPORTANT FACTS RICHARDSON" Boilers are rated according to accurate standards and upon the assumption that sufficient radiation will be used, the piping system properly arranged and the boiler connected to a flue of ample capacity and good draft. With steam at 2 lbs. boiler pressure and with hot water at a temperature of 180° Fahrenheit. Our ratings provide. that all piping (mains, risers and returns), in addition to the direct radiation to be used, shall be figured as radiating surface in estimating the size of boiler necessary. One size larger boiler for reserve power is best used. For indirect radiation add 75 per cent, to surface for such radiation, and where pipe radiation surface is used, add 25 per cent, for same to equal the usual amount direct radiation. When a pipe coil or cast-iron section is placed in the fircpot for heating water for domestic uses, additional capacity must be figured at the rate of 1^ square feet of direct radiation for a steam boiler and 2^ square feet of direct radiation for a hot-water boiler, for each gallon of water to be heated per hour. "RICHARDSON" Boilers are tapped for coils to be placed in the firebox for heating water. Front section of side feed boilers should not be so used. Do not bush outlets on boilers; connect all of them full size to the mains. To secure best results boilers should be covered with Asbestos cement. GUARANTEE Every "RICHARDSON" Boiler is sold under a guarantee as to its perfection in manufacture, and its ability to carry the rating shown in our printed matter, provided that a sufficient amount of radiation is in- stalled, the piping system properly run, and the boiler connected to a flue of sufficient size and draft for the size of the fire box. COAL "RICHARDSON" Boilers can be furnished with grates to burn the small sizes of coal when so ordered. When soft coal is used for fuel, increase boiler one size. ''RICHARDSON" Round Sectional Steam and Water Boilers OICHARDSON" Round Boilers were designed to *^ furnish a boiler adapted for small buildings and private residences, one that would be simple and easy to operate, powerful, yet economical. How well these results have been attained is shown by the many thousands in actual use. Their opera- tion is most simple, and requires no practical knowl- edge. They have large feed doors for supplying fuel to the fire, and ample cleanout and ash-pit doors, and will carry sufficient fire all night to insure a warm house in early mornings. RICHARDSON BOILERS 16 and 19 Series Round Sectional STEAM Height Nom. Grate Height 1 Outlets Inlets 8 List No. to Top Diam Area Water No. No. Price Outlet Inches Grate Ins. Sq. Ft. Line Inches and Size and Size Ratg. Sq. Ft. Complete 161 50 16 1.40 455s 2-2 2-2 250 $124.00 162 54 16 1.40 49^/8 2-2 2-2 275 140.00 190 47^ 19 1.97 423^ 2-2J3 2-23^ 300 148.00 191 513^ 19 1.97 46L/ 2-2^ 2 2-2J4 350 166.00 192 553^ 19 i.97 my 2 2-2^ 2-23^ 375 185.00 WATER 161 47^ 16 1.40 2-2 2-2 400 162 MJ/ 2 16 1.40 2-2 2-2 425 190 45^ 19 1.97 2-2^ 2-2M 500 191 49M 19 1.97 2-23^ 2-23^ 575 192 5334 19 1.97 2-2V 2 2-2^ 625 $114.00 130.00 138.00 156.00 175.00 Size of Smoke-pipe 16 in., 7 in.; 19 in., 8 in see Richardson Manual. For other measurements 192 68 68 98 98 •98 17 17 25 25 25 85 85 123 123 123 8.0 8.5 7.5 8.0 8 5 544 578 735 784 833 64 64 64 64 64 30 30 35 35 35 Factors determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from Actual Tests) No. of Boiler— Steam and Water 161 162 190 191 A— Fuel available, hard coal lbs B — Rekindling reserve ... ' ib s ' C— Adequate fuel charge (A+B) ".'.'. lbs' D — Steam produced per lb. coal (evaporat- ive power) lbs E— Total Steam (AxD) (Htg. power) .' .' .' .lbs." £ iV^L sq - cornere d chimney flue. . .sq. in. O — Height of chimney flue ft. See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney flues. Method for establishing Ratings When load attached to Doiler consists of direct radiation installed in a residence for 70 degrees, the heat-condensing power of the radiat on and TTi n ^™?> infi 1'^ re L y -l xce i ds °" 25 {H) lbs - of steam per sq -T pe? hour ilfe^o^thU^S 1 ^" 19011 B ° ilerS aS indiCated in the Q follow^ g tabfe which is used radiating surface having a greater condensing iSwerthe'facto? representing the increased condensation, should be used php™, f Q onvert Ml \ e . E to B-t-u-. multiply by 970. When the hourly heat for water eSS at ' U " divMe Same by 250 for steam - or ^0 th^ If r A , ' S b JiT d u 8 h 2 u . rs * divide E by 8 x °- 25 t0 ot >tain the capacity at that rate. If A is burned in G hours, divide E by 6 x 0.25 for that capacity! No. of Boiler 161 162 190 191 192 When A is burned in 6 hours Steam 363 „ T , Equivalent capacity Water C05 When A is burned in 8 hours Steam 272 KTu Equivalent capacity Water 453 When A is burned in 10 hours Steam 218 Equivalent capacity Water 363 When A is burned in 12 hours Steam 181 Equivalent capacity Water 302 See Pages 4 and 5. 385 490 523 555 642 817 873 925 289 368 392 417 482 613 653 694 231 294 314 333 385 490 523 555 193 245 261 278 322 408 435 463 RICHARDSON Round Sectional Steam and Water Boilers A LL house owners are anxious to install a boiler ^^ that will generate the most heat with the least expense for fuel and with as little attention as possible. This is accomplished with the ''RICH- ARDSON" Boilers. The deep fire chamber with corrugated sides will carry fire and generate heat a long time without attention. Over the fire is a large amount of active heating surface, properly propor- tioned for the rating of the boiler. This surface being backed by water, the full heat from the fire is utilized and the water quickly raised to a high temperature. RICHARDSON BOILERS 22 and 25 Series Round Sectional STEAM Height Nom, Grate Height Outlets Inlets s List No. to Top Diam Area Water No. No. Hour Price Outlet Grate Sq. Ft. Line and and Ratg. Complete Inches Ins. Inches Size Size Sq. Ft. 221 53 22 2.64 48 U 2-2^ 2-2 J^ 450 $206.00 222 57 22 2.64 52', 2-2^ 2-2 y 2 500 218.00 223 61 22 2.64 51)1 4 2~2y 2 2-2y 2 550 232.00 251 54 y A 25 3.41 49 H 2-3 2-3 625 277.00 252 58 K 25 3.41 53^ 2-3 2-3 675 292.00 253 02M 25 3.41 57 K 2-3 2-3 725 308.00 WATER 221 50M 22 2.64 2-2^ 2-2^ 750 $196.00 222 54j/ 2 22 2.64 2-234 2~2y 2 825 208.00 223 58j/ 2 22 2.64 2-2H 2-234 900 222.00 251 52 25 3.41 2-3 2-3 1025 267.00 252 56 25 3.41 2-3 2-3 1100 282.00 253 60 25 3.41 2-3 2-3 1200 298.00 Size of Smo ke-pii e 22 in., 9 in.; 2 3 in., 10 i n. For o Lher me asurements see Richardson Manual. Factors determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from Actual Tests) of Boiler — Steam and Water 221 222 223 251 252 No. 253 137 137 34 34 171 171 177 44 221 177 44 221 177 44 221 9.0 8.0 8.5 9.0 A — Fuel available, hard coal lbs. 137 B — Rekindling reserve . . . .lbs. 31 C — Adequate fuel charge (A-f-B) ....lbs. 171 D — Steam produced per lb. coal (evaporat- ive power) lbs. 8 . E— Total Steam (AxD) (Htg. power) lbs.1095 1165 1233 1415 1505 1594 F — Area of sq. cornered chimney flue. . .sq. in. 96 96 96 96 96 96 G — Height of chimney flue ft. 35 35 35 40 40 40 See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney flues. Method for establishing Ratings When load attached to boiler consists of direct radiation installed in a residence for 70 degrees, the heat-condensing power of the radiation and piping combined, rarely exceeds 0.25 (>i) lbs. of steam per sq. ft. per hour. The capacity of the Richardson Boilers as indicated in the following table is figured on this basis. If load attached to boiler has a condensing power exceeding 0.25, such as occurs in factories and other buildings heated to a low temperature, or in which is used radiating surface having a greater condensing power, the factor representing the increased condensation, should be used. To convert line E to B.t.u., multiply by 970. When the hourly heat energy is expressed in terms of B.t.u., divide same by 250 for steam, or 150 for water. If A is burned in 8 hours, divide E by 8 x 0.25 to obtain the capacity at that rate. If A is burned in 6 hours, divide E by 6 x 0.25 for that capacity. No. of Boiler 221 222 223 251 252 253 When A is burned in 6 hours Steam 730 777 S23 943 1003 1063 Equivalent capacity Waterl216 1295 1374 1572 1670 1770 When A is burned in 8 hours Steam 548 583 617 708 753 797 Equivalent capacity . Water 914 973 1026 1180 1255 1326 When A is burned in 10 hours Steam 438 466 493 566 602 638 Equivalent capacity Water 731 777 823 943 1003 1064 When A is burned in 12 hours Steam 365 388 411 472 502 531 Equivalent capacity Water 608 647 685 786 836 885 See Pages 4 and 5. 10 4 'RICHARDSON" Round Sectional Steam and Water Boilers TNTERIOR view of the "RICHARDSON" Round A Boiler, showing corrugated inside surface of fire- pot, high combustion chamber and deep fire to per- mit of a low rate of combustion, and attendance at long intervals. The firepot section is provided with two openings in the back for inserting a coil in the fire for heating water for domestic purposes. The dome, or top section, adds greatly to the efficiency and economy of these boilers on account of the large surfaces in contact with the heated gases. 11 RICHARDSON BOILERS 28 Series Round Sectional STEAM No. Height to Top Outlet Inches Norn. Diam Grate Ins. Grate Area Sq. Ft. Height Water Line Inches Outlets No. and Size Inlets No. and Size 8 Hour Ratg. Sq. Ft List Price Complete 281 282 283 55 u 59 % 63 X 28 28 28 4.28 4.28 4.28 51 55 59 2-3y 2 2-3^ 2-3^ 2-sy 2 2-W2 875 950 1025 $355.00 372.00 395.00 WATER 281 282 283 5VA 57M 61 J* 28 28 28 4.28 4.28 4.28 2-3^ 2-3V 2 2-3^ 2-sy 2 2~sy 2 2-sy 2 1350 1550 1675 $345.00 362.00 385.00 273 273 273 68 68 68 341 341 341 8.0 8.5 9.0 184 2320 2457 144 144 144 50 50 50 No. of Boiler When A is burned in 6 hours Steam Equivalent capacity ....'.. .Water When A is burned in 8 hours . Steam Equivalent capacity Water When A is burned in 10 hours .Steam Equivalent capacity Water When A is burned in 12 hours Steam Equivalent capacity Water See Pages 4 and 5. 282- 283 Size of Smoke-pipe 10 in. For other measurements see Richardson Manual. Factors determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from actual tests) No. of Boiler — Steam and Water 281 282 283 A — Fuel available, hard coal . lbs' B — Rekindling reserve lbs. C — Adequate fuel charge (A-f-B) . . . .lbs. D — Steam produced per lb. coal (evaporat- ive power) lbs. E— Total Steam (AxD) (Htg. power) lbs. F — Area of sq. cornered chimney flue. . .sq. in. G — Height of chimney flue ft. See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney flues. Method for establishing Ratings When load attached to boiler consists of direct radiation installed in a residence for 70 degrees, the heat -condensing power of the radiation and piping combined, rarely exceeds 0.25 (K) lbs. of steam per sq. ft. per hour. The capacity of the Richardson Boilers as indicated in the following table is figured on this basis. If load attached to boiler has a condensing power exceeding 0.25, such as occurs in factories and other buildings heated to a low temperature, or in which is used radiating surface having a greater condensing power, the 'factor representing the increased condensation, should be used. To convert line E to B.t.u., multiply by 970. When the hourly heat energy is expressed in terms of B.t.u., divide same by 250 for steam, or 150 for water. If A is burned in 8 hours, divide E by 8 x 0.25 to obtain the capacity at that rate. If A is burned in 6 hours, divide E by 6 x 0.25 for that capacity 1455 1547 1673 2425 2578 2308 1092 1160 1229 1820 1933 2050 874 928 983 1457 1547 1638 728 773 819 1213 1288 1365 "RICHARDSON" Sectional Safety Steam and Water Boilers 21 Series— End Feed Can be furnished with Double Feed Doors for Wood Fuel THESE Boilers, designed for heating houses and small buildings, present to the direct rays of the fire a very large percentage of heating surface, yet with a long fire travel to hold back the gases and prevent their too-rapid escape to the smoke outlet. Direct surface is necessary to raise steam quickly or to heat water with economy of fuel. The "RICH- ARDSON" Boilers have deep fire pots and high combustion chambers. Grates can be furnished fcr burning large or small sizes of coal, as may be desired. RICHARDSON BOILERS 21 Series End Feed Sectional STEAM 13 No. Total Length Inches Grate Area Sq. Ft. Water Line Inches Outlets Inches Ashpit (Inside) Inches 8 Hour Rating Sq. Ft. List Price Complete 214 215 216 217 36 48^ 54 U 2.27 3.01 3.75 4.49 43 43 43 43 1-3 1-3 2-3 2-3 22x24 J^ 22x30% 22x37 22x43 M 425 575 725 850 $210.00 252.00 317.00 355.00 Castings only. Height, 49^ in. Width, 32 in. WATER 214 36 2.27 .... 2-3 22x24 14 700 $200.00 215 4214 3.01 .... 2-3 22x30% 950 242.00 216 48 H 3.75 3-3 22x37 1200 307.00 217 54% 4.49 ... 3-3 22x43% 1400 345.00 For each outlet there are two inlets of the same size — one on each side Size of smoke-pipe, 9 in. For other measurements, see Richardson Manual. Factors determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from Actual Tests) No. of Boiler — Steam and Water 214 215 216 217 A — Fuel available, hard coal lbs. 120 152 184 216 B— Rekindling reserve lbs. 30 38 40 54 C— Adequate fuel charge (A 4- B) lbs. 150 190 230 27C D — Steam produced per lb. coal (evaporat- ive power) lbs. 8,0 8.0 SO 8.0 E— Total Steam (AxD) (Htg. power) lbs. 960 1216 1472 1728 F — Area of sq. cornered chimney flue. . .sq. in. 96 96 96 96 G — Height of chimney flue ft. 35 35 40 40 See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney flues. Method for establishing Ratings When load attached to boiler consists of direct radiation installed in a residence for 70 degrees, the heat-condensing power of the radiation and piping combined, rarely exceeds 0.25 { l /i) lbs. of steam per sq. ft. per hour. The capacity of the Richardson Boilers as indicated in the following table is figured on this basis. If load attached to boiler has a condensing power exceeding 0.25, such as occurs in factories and other buildings heated to a low temperature, or in which is used radiating surface having a greater condensing power, the factor representing the increased condensation, should be used. To convert line E to B.t.u., multiply by 970. When the hourly heat energy is expressed in terms of B.t.u., divide same by 250 for steam, or 150 for water. If A is burned in 8 hours, divide E by 8 x 0.25 to obtain the capacity at that rate. If A is burned in 6 hours, divide E by 6 x 0.25 for that capacity. No. of Boiler 214 215 216 217 When A is burned in 6 hours Steam 640 810 981 1153 Equivalent capacity Water 1067 1350 1635 1923 When A is burned in 8 hours Steam 480 608 736 864 Equivalent capacity Water 800 1013 1227 1440 When A is burned in 10 hours Steam 384 487 589 691 Equivalent capacity Water 640 812 982 1152 When A is burned in 12 hours Steam 329 405 491 576 Equivalent capacity Water 533 675 818 900 See Pages 4 and 5. 14 "RICHARDSON" Sectional Safety Steam and Water Boilers 25 Series — End Feed Can be furnished with Double Feed Doors for Wood Fuel T^HE principal consideration in a boiler is the ease with which it can be operated — its ability to do the work for long periods — and its economic features. The proportion of grate area to do the work re- quired to be done, large fire chamber and combustion space, together with effective direct fire surface, with large flues admitting of a low rate of combustion, all tend to make the economic boiler. These are fully realized in the "RICHARDSON" Boilers. RICHARDSON BOILERS 15 25 Series End Feed Sectional STEAM Total Grate Water *Outlets No. Length Area Line Inches Inches Sq. Ft. Inches 255 48*4 4.57 48 U 2-3H 256 56 5.70 48K 2-33^ 257 6314 6.83 481/4 2-33^ 258 70^ 7.97 48M 2-3 y 2 List Price Complete 27^x353^ 27Hx42% 273^x50 27^x57 $377.00 445.00 513.00 580.00 Castings only. Height, 55 in. Width, 39 in. WATER 255 4834 4.57 2-3 y 2 273^x35^ 1525 $367.00 256 56 5.70 3-33^ 273^x42^ 1900 435.00 257 6314 6.83 ;i-3i 2 27^x50 2275 503.00 258 70V 2 7.97 3~3M 27Hx57K 2650 570.00 *For each outlet there are two inlets of the same size, one on each side. Size of smoke-pipe, 5 section, 9 in.; section, 10 in.; 7 section, 11 in.; S sec- tion, 12 in. For other measurements see Richardson Manual. Factors Determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from Actual Tests) No. of Boiler— St earn and Water 255 256 257 258 A— Fuel available, hard coal lbs. 220 274 328 382 B— Rekindling reserve lbs. 54 68 82 96 C— Adequate fuel charge (A + B) lbs. 274 342 410 478 D— Steam produced per lb. coal (Evapora- tive power) . lbs. 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 E— Total steam (AxD) (Htg power) lbs. 1870 2330 2790 3250 F — Area of sq. cornered chimney flue . . .sq. in. 96 96 96 144 G— Height of chimney flue ft. 35 40 40 50 See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney flues. Method for establishing Ratings When load attached to boiler consists of direct radiation installed in a residence for 70 degrees, the heat -condensing power of the radiation and piping combined, rarely exceeds 0.25 0|) lbs, of steam per sq. ft. per hour. The capacity of the "RICHARDSON" Boilers, as indicated in the following table, is figured on this basis. If load attached to boiler has a condensing power exceeding 0.25, such as occurs in factories and other buildings heated to a low temperature, or in which is used radiating surface having a greater condensing power, the fac- tor representing the increased condensation should be used. To convert line E to B. t. u., multiply by 970. When the hourly heat energy is expressed in terms of B. t. u., divide same by 250 for steam, or 150 for water. If A is burned in eight hours, divide E by 8x0.25 to obtain the capacity at that rate. If A is burned in 6 hours, divide E by 6x0.25 for that capacity. No. of Boiler 255 256 257 258 When A is burned in 6 hours Steam 1246 1553 1860 2167 Equivalent capacity Water 2077 2589 3101 3613 When A is burned in 8 hours Steam 935 1165 1395 1625 Equivalent capacity Water 1559 1942 2325 2708 When A is burned in 10 hours. Steam 748 932 1116 1300 Equivalent capacity Water 1248 1554 1860 2166 When A is burned in 12 hours Steam 624 777 930 1083 Equivalent capacity Water 1040 1295 1550 1805 16 "RICHARDSON" Sectional Safety Steam and Water Boilers 35 Series — End Feed Can be furnished with Double Feed Doors for Wood Fuel C FECIAL care has been exercised in fitting these ° "RICHARDSON" Boilers with ample provision for easy firing and cleaning. The two large upper doors furnish access to the flue surface for cleaning. The fire door is wide and high, so that all parts of the fire can be easily reached, and through the sheer door, all parts of the grate can be thoroughly cleaned. The ash-pit is high and commodious for the easy removal of the ashes. These boilers are furnished with all necessary firing and cleaning tools. 17 RICHARDSON BOILERS 35 Series End Feed Sectional STEAM Total Grate Water ♦Outlets Ashpit 8 Hour List No. Length Area Line Inches (Inside) Rating Price Inches Sq. Ft. Inches Inches Sq. Ft. Complete 355 47 M 7.85 56 2-4 39x33M 1800 $640.00 356 55 ^ 9.81 56 2-4 39x41^ 2250 770.00 357 64 11.75 56 3-4 39x50 2700 882.00 358 72 ^ 13.70 56 3-4 39x5834 3150 965.00 359 SOL. 15.65 56 3-4 39x6614 3600 1,065.00 Cas tin.'.s on ly. Heij ;ht, 63 in. Width, 48 in. WATER 355 356 357 358 359 47^ hbV 2 64 72J4 my 2 7.85 9.81 11.75 13.70 15.65 3-4 3-4 4-4 4-4 5-4 39x3334 39x41^ 39x50 39x5834 39x66^ 2900 3625 4350 5075 5800 $620.00 750.00 862.00 945.00 1,045.00 *For each outlet there are two inlets of the same size, one on each side. Size of Smoke-pipe 14 in. For other measurements see Richardson Manual. No Factors determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from Actual Tests) of Boiler — Steam and Water 355 356 357 358 359 443 553 G6G 776 886 111 138 167 194 222 554 691 833 970 1108 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 3767 4700 5660 6600 7530 192 256 256 256 320 40 40 40 50 50 A — Fuel available, hard coal .lbs B — Rekindling reserve lbs C — Adequate fuel charge (A+B) ... .lbs D — Steam produced per lb coal (evaporat- ive power) lbs E— Total Steam (AxD) (Htg. power) lbs 3767 F — Area of sq. cornered chimney flue . . . sq. in. G— Height of chimney flue ft. See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney flues. Method for establishing Ratings When load attached to boiler consists of direct radiation installed in a residence for 70 degrees, the heat-condensing power of the radiation and piping combined, rarely exceeds 0.25 ( }4) lbs. of steam per sq. ft. per hour. The capacity of the Richardson Boilers as indicated in the following table is figured on this basis. If load attached to boiler has a condensing power exceeding 0.25, such as occurs in factories and other buildings heated to a low temperature, or in which is used radiating surface having a greater condensing power, the factor representing the increased condensation, should be used. To convert line E to B.t.u., multiply by 970. When the hourly heat energy is expressed in terms of B.t.u., divide same by 250 for steam, or 150 for water. If A is burned In 8 hours, divide E by 8 x 0.25 to obtain the capacity at that rate. If A is burned in 6 hours, divide E by 6 x 0.25 for that capacity. No. of Boiler 355 356 357 358 359 When A is burned in 6 hours .Steam 2513 3134 3775 4400 5020 Equivalent capacity Water 4188 5220 6290 7332 8368 When A is burned in 8 hours Steam 1884 2350 2830 3300 3765 Equivalent capacity Water 3140 3916 4716 5500 6272 When A is burned in 10 hours Steam 1507 1880 2264 2640 3012 Equivalent capacity Water 2512 3134 3774 4400 5020 When A is burned in 12 hours Steam 1256 1567 1887 2200 2510 Equivalent capacity .Water 2094 2611 3145 3666 4184 See Pages 4 and 5. 18 "RICHARDSON" Sectional Steam and Water Boilers 42 Series— End Feed T^HE leg section shows in detail the features of the x "RICHARDSON" End Feed Sectional Boilers. The ample fire and combustion chamber with the low overhanging active fire surface; the thin water ways conducive to the rapid circulation of the water and the large flue spaces suitable for burning any quality of fuel. Connections between sections are made with extra heavy cast-iron slip nipples, making the boiler absolutely tight. 19 RICHARDSON BOILERS 42 Series End Feed Sectional STEAM Total Grate Water Outlets Ashpit 8 Hour List No. Length Area Line Inches (Inside) Rating Price Inches 64 Sq. Ft. Inches Inches Sq. Ft. Complete 427 13.82 60 2-5 45x50 3300 $995.00 428 72H 16.11 60 2-5 45x58 M 3850 1110.00 429 80 H 18.40 60 2-5 45x66 Yi 4400 1225.00 4210 88 Ji 20.69 60 3-5 1 45x74 % 4950 1340.00 4211 97 22.98 60 3-5 | 45x83 5500 1455.00 Castings only. Height, 66 in Depth, 54 in. WATER 427 64 13.82 3-5 45x50 5450 $975.00 428 7214 16.11 3-5 45x58 M 6350 1090.00 429 SO'. 18.40 3-5 45x66 Yi 7250 1205.00 4210 88 M 20.69 4-5 45x74 54 8150 1320.00 4211 97 22.98 4-5 45x83 9050 1435.00 For each outlet there are two inlets of the same size, one on each side. Size of smoke-pipe 16 in. For other measurements see Richardson Manual. Factors determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from Actual Tests) No. of Boiler— Steam and Water 427 428 429 4210 4211 A — Fuel available, hard coal B— Rekindling reserve lbs. 202 C— Adequate fuel charge (A+B) ... .lbs. 1008 D — Steam produced per lb. coal (evaporat- ive power) lbs. 8 . 5 E— Total Steam (AxD) (Htg. power) lbs. 6852 F — Area of sq. cornered chimney flue. . . sq. in. 250 G — Height of chimney flue ft. 50 .lbs. 806 940 1074 1206 1336 235 1175 268 1342 302 1508 338 1674 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 7990 9130 10260 11360 320 320 400 480 50 60 60 60 See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney flues. Method for establishing Ratings When load attached to boiler consists of direct radiation installed in a residence for 70 degrees, the heat-condensing power of the radiation and piping combined, rarely exceeds 0.25 (M) lbs. of steam per sq. ft. per hour. The capacity of the Richardson Boilers as indicated in the following table is figured on this basis. If load attached to boiler has a condensing power exceeding 0.25, such as occurs in factories and other buildings heated to a low temperature, or in which is used radiating surface having a greater condensing power, the factor representing the increased condensation, should be used. To convert line E to B.t.u., multiply by 970. When the hourly heat energy is expressed in terms of B.t.u., divide same by 250 for steam, or 150 for water. If A is burned in 8 hours, divide E by 8 x 0.25 to obtain the capacity at that rate. If A is burned in 6 hours, divide E by 6 x 0.25 for that capacity. No. of Boiler 427 428 429 4210 4211 When A is burned in 6 hours Steam 4570 5326 6088 6840 7570 Equivalent capacity Water 7614 8880 10150 11400 12620 When A is burned in 8 hours Steam 3426 3995 4565 5130 5680 Equivalent capacity Water 5710 6660 7608 8550 9468 When A is burned in 10 hours Steam 2741 3196 3652 4104 4544 Equivalent capacity Water 4570 5328 6088 6840 7572 When A is burned in 12 hours Steam 2284 2663 3043 3420 3787 Equivalent capacity Water 3806 4440 5071 5700 6311 See Pages 4 and 5. 20 "RICHARDSON" Sectional Steam and Water Boilers 53 Series— End Feed T> ICHARDSON 50-inch grate series Sectional Steam A *^ and Hot Water Boilers, have a large amount of heating surface exposed to the action of the fire, and will consequently raise the temperature of the water quickly and generate steam, with economy of fuel. They are of similar design and construction to the 25-35-42 series which have been so popular and successful, and for convenience in erecting, are made in half sections, the two halves of the back section are connected with a yoke, furnished with the boiler. 21 RICHARDSON BOILERS 53 Series End Feed Sectional STEAM Total Grate Water Outlets Ashpit 6 Hour List No. Length Area Line Inches (Inside) Rating Price Inches Sq. Ft. Inches Inches Sq. Ft. Complete 536 78M 18.94 70 M 2-6 55x55 5500 $1,455.00 537 89 22.68 70H 2-6 55x65% 6575 1,665.00 538 99% 26.40 70M 3-6 55x763^ 7650 1,875.00 539 noy 2 30.12 7014 3-6 55x87 M 8725 2,085.00 5310 121 X 33.88 7oy 2 3-() 55x98 9800 2,295.00 Castings only. Height, 82 in Width, my 2 in. WATER 536 78M 18.94 2-6 55x55 9050 $1,435.00 537 89 22.68 2-6 55x65% 10825 1.645.00 538 99 % 26.40 3-6 55x76^ 12600 1,855.00 539 11032 30.12 3-6 55x87 M 14375 2,065.00 5310 12114 33.88 3-6 55x98 16150 2,275.00 For each outlet there are two 4-in. inlets on steam boilers — one on each side, and two 0-in. inlets on water boilers — one on each side; also two 4-in. returns in back section of each boiler. Size of smoke-pipe, 6 and 7 section, 17 in; 8 section, 19 in.; 9 and 10 section, 21 in. For other measurements see Richardson Manual. Factors determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from Actual Tests) No. of Boiler— Steam and Water 536 537 538 539 5310 1224 1426 1627 1828 306 356 407 457 1530 1782 2034 2285 .5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8680 1041012125 13830 15550 576 576 576 784 784 60 70 70 70 70 A — Fuel available, hard coal lbs. 1022 B — Rekindling reserve lbs. 256 C— Adequate fuel charge (A+B) .lbs. 1278 D— Steam produced per lb. coal (evaporat- ive power) . lbs. E— Total Steam (AxD) (Htg. power). . . .lbs. F — Area of sq. cornered chimney flue. . .sq. in. G — Height of chimney flue ft. See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney flues. Method for establishing Ratings When load attached to boiler consists of direct radiation installed in a residence for 70 degrees, the heat-condensing power of the radiation and piping combined, rarely exceeds 0.25 ( H) lbs. of steam per sq. ft. per hour. The capacity of the Richardson Boilers as indicated in the following table is figured on this basis. If load attached to boiler has a condensing power exceeding 0.25, such as occurs in factories and other buildings heated to a low temperature, or in which is used radiating surface having a greater condensing power, the factor representing the increased condensation, should be used. To convert line E to B.t.u., multiply by 970. When the hourly heat energy is expressed in terms of B.t.u., divide same by 250 for steam, or 150 for water. If A is burned in 8 hours, divide E by 8 x 0.25 to obtain the capacity at that rate. If A is burned in 6 hours, divide E by 6 x 0.25 for that capacity. No. of Boiler 536 537 538 539 5310 When A is burned in 4 hours. Steam 8680 1O410 12125 13830 Equivalent capacity Waterl4470 17350 20220 23060 When A is burned in 6 hours Steam 5788 6940 8080 9220 Equivalent capacity Water 9648 11570 13470 15370 When A is burned in 8 hours Steam 4340 * Equivalent capacity Water 7232 W T hen A is burned in 10 hours Steam 3472 Equivalent capacity Water 5788 See Pages 1 and 5. 5205 6063 6915 8674 10110 11540 4164 4850 5532 6938 8080 9220 15550 25920 10370 17280 7775 12960 6220 10370 22 "RICHARDSON" Sectional Safety Steam and Water Boilers 18 Series 4 and 5 Section Boilers have only one Feed Door. pRACTICALLY all boiler manufacturers state in their catalogues that one foot of fire surface is equal in heating power to four feet of flue surface. This is an emphatic endorsement of "RICHARD- SON" Boilers. These boilers have over 75 per cent direct fire surface on which the light of the fire shines. To boil water, it is placed directly over the fire, that is the reason "RICHARDSON" Boilers will generate steam or raise water to a high temperature quickly with a small amount of fuel. RICHARDSON BOILERS 23 18 Series Side Feed Sectional STEAM No. Total Width Inches Grate Area Sq. Ft. Water Line Inches •Outlets Inches Ashpit (Inside) Inches 8 Hour Rating Sq. Ft. List Price Complete 418 518 37M 45 2.63 3.50 463^ 463^ 2-2}^ 22^x2lM 29^x21 Ji 450 550 $215.00 245.00 Castings only. Height, 53 in. Depth, 40)^ in. WATER 418 518 37^ 45 2.63 3.50 2-2}^ 2-2H 22^x21^ 29^x21^ 725 900 $205.00 235.00 For each outlet there is a corresponding inlet at the back of boiler. Size of Smoke-pipe, 4 section, 9 in.; 5 section, 10 in. For other measurements see Richardson Manual. Factors determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from Actual Tests) No. of Boiler — Steam and Water 418 518 A — Fuel available, hard coal lbs. 106 137 B— Rekindling reserve lbs. 26 34 C— Adequate fuel charge (A +B) lbs. 132 171 D — Steam produced per lb. coal (evaporat- ive power) lbs. 8.5 8.5 E— Total Steam (AxD) (Htg. power) lbs. 901 1165 F — Area of sq. cornered chimney flue. . .sq. in. 96 96 G — Height of chimney flue ft. 35 40 See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney flues. Method for establishing Ratings When load attached to boiler consists of direct radiation installed in a residence for 70 degrees, the heat-condensing power of the radiation and piping combined, rarely exceeds 0.25 (34) lbs, of steam per sq. ft. per hour. The capacity of the Richardson Boilers as indicated in the following table is figured on this basis. If load attached to boiler has a condensing power exceeding 0.25, such as occurs in factories and other buildings heated to a low temperature, or in which is used radiating surface having a greater condensing power, the factor representing the increased condensation, should be used. To convert line E to B.t.u., multiply by 970. When the hourly heat energy is expressed in terms of B.t.u., divide same by 250 for steam, or 150 for water. If A is burned in 8 hours, divide E by 8 x 0.25 to obtain the capacity at that rate. If A is burned in 6 hours, divide E by 6 x 0.25 for that capacity. No. of Boiler 418 518 When A is burned in hours Steam 600 776 Equivalent capacity Water 1000 1294 When A is burned in 8 hours Steam 451 583 Equivalent capacity Water 752 972 When A is burned in 10 hours Steam 360 466 Equivalent capacity Water 600 777 When A is burned in 12 hours Steam 300 388 Equivalent capacity Water 500 647 See Pages 4 and 5. 24 "RICHARDSON" Sectional Steam and Water Boilers 22 Series 4 and 5 Section Boilers have only one Feed Door. OICHARDSON Boilers are so constructed as to v present to the fire a large percentage of direct heating surface. This surface being entirely backed by water, in thin, shallow bodies, circulates rapidly and quickly absorbs the heat units given off by the fire. But the true value of a boiler depends not alone on the amount of heating surface, but the proper proportions between grate surface and heating surface, yet with sufficient fire travel, to hold the products of combustion long enough to thoroughly extract all possible heat from the coal consumed. 25 RICHARDSON BOILERS 22 Series Side Feed Sectional STEAM No. 422 522 622 Total Width Inches 37M 45 52J4 Grate Area Sq. Ft. 3.21 4.28 5.35 Water Line Inches 48 48 48 ^Outlets I nches 1-3 2-3 2-3 Ashpit (Inside) Inches 22^x25^ 29^x253^ 36%x25H 8 Hour Rating Sq. Ft. 500 675 850 List Price Complete $231.00 302.00 355.00 Castings only. Height, 55 in. Depth, 44^ in. WATER 22 Mx25 V 2 29^x25^ 36^x253^ 825 1100 1400 $221.00 292.00 345.00 "ToTeach outlet there is a corresponding inlet at the back of toiler Size of Smoke-pipe, 4 section, 9 in.; 5 and 6 section, 10 in. For other measure ments see Richardson Manual. Factors determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from Actual Tests) No. of Boiler— Steam and Water 422 522 131 33 164 175 44 219 8.5 1488 96 40 622 218 55 273 8.5 1853 96 40 A— Fuel available, hard coal lbs. B— Rekindling reserve. .....•• • • ■ • [> s - C— Adequate fuel charge (A+B) -Ids. D— Steam produced per lb. coal (evaporat- ive power) ...... .l>s. S-5 E _Total Steam (AxD) (Htg. power) . . .lbs. 1114 F— Area of sq. cornered chimney flue . . .sq. in. J" G— Height of chimney flue ft. J o See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney flues. Method for establishing Ratings iS ^ U [o e ad°attacLd a to- boiler has a condensing power exceeding 0.25, such as occur! in factories and other buildings heated to a low temperature or m wl?ch i used 1 radiating surface having a e^ter condensing power, the factor representing t^.J^™^ ^^'^'""Sfe^bS^wS When the hourly heat energy re^esse^ by 250 for steam, or 160 for water. E by 8 x 0.25 to obtain the capacity at that rate. If A is burned in 6 hours, divide E by 6 x 0.25 for that capacity. No. of Boiler When A is burned in 6 hours f^ m Equivalent capacity VJ ater When A is burned in 8 hours w^ m Equivalent capacity ■ • ■ Water When A is burned in 10 hours f}f* m Equivalent capacity • • ■ ■ Water When A is burned in 12 hours ?A e ^ m Equivalent capacity Water See Pages 4 and 5. 422 742 992 1236 1654 557 744 928 1240 446 595 743 992 371 496 618 827 522 622 1236 2060 927 1545 741 1235 618 1030 26 "RICHARDSON" Sectional Safety Steam and Water Boilers 30 Series 4 and 5 Section Boilers have only one Feed Door. pHE value of heating surface depends upon it* location. The heating surfaces in these boilers are directly over and surrounding the fire where it feels the first effect of the heat; hence their great power and economy. On larger boilers of 6, 7 and 8 sec- tions, double feed and ash-pit doors are provided so that every part of the fire is accessible for atten- tion, making it easy to put on coal and remove the ashes. 27 RICHARDSON BOILERS 30 Series Side Feed Sectional STEAM ^___ No. 430 530 630 730 830 Total Width Inches 37M 45 52M 593^ Grate Area Sq. Ft. 4.38 5.83 7.29 8.75 10.21 Water Line Inches 53^ 53 y 2 533/2 533^ 533^ ♦Outlets Inches 1-3H 2-3K 2-3H '2-VA 2-3H Ashpit (Inside) Inches 223^x33M 29^x3334 36^x33J4 44 x3334 51^x33M 8 Hour Rating Sq. Ft. 750 1025 1300 1575 1800 List Price Complete $325.00 407.00 490.00 573.00 640.00 Castings only. Height, 61 in. Depth, 55M in. WATER 430 3734 4.38 530 45 5.83 630 52M 7.29 730 59 ^ 8.75 830 m% 10.21 2-33^ 2-33^ 3-3^ 3-33^ 3-33^ 22Mx33^ 29 3^x33 M 36^x33^ 44 x33M 5lMx3334 $315.00 397.00 480.00 563.00 630.00 For each outlet there is a corresponding inlet at the back of boiler. Size of Smoke-pipe, 4 section, 10 in.; 5 section, 12 in. ; section 14 in.; 7 and 8 section, 15 in. For other measurements see Richardson Manual. Factors determining Boiler Capacities (Derived from Actual Tests) No. of Boiler— Steam and Water 430 530 630 730 194 48 242 258 64 322 322 80 402 386 97 483 8.5 3282 256 40 830 450 113 563 8.5 3825 256 40 A — Fuel available, hard coal lbs. B — Rekindling reserve lbs. C— Adequate fuel charge (A+B) lbs. D — Steam produced per lb. coal (evaporat- ive power) lb s - 8 * 5 ** • 5 8 ■ ° E— Total Steam (AxD) (Htg. power) .... lbs. 1650 2194 2737 F— Area of sq. cornered chimney flue. . .sq. in. 9b 144 iyz G— Height of chimney flue ft. 35 40 40 See tables in Richardson Manual regarding chimney hues. Method for establishing Ratings When load attached to boiler consists of direct radiation installed in a residence for 70 decrees, the heat-condensing power of the radiation and Piping combined, rarely exceeds 0.25 (H) lbs of steam per sq ft. per hour. The capacity of the Richardson Boilers as indicated in the following table is figured on this basis. , ,. „ _ , If load attached to boiler has a condensing power exceeding 0.2o, such as occurs in factories and other buildings heated to a low temperature or in which is used radiating surface having a greater condensing power, the factor reoresenting the increased condensation, should be used. . . .. P To convert line E to B.t.u., multiply by 970. When the hourly heat energy is expressed in terms of B.t.u., divide same by 250 for steam, or 150 for water E by 8 x 0.25 to obtain the capacity at that rate If A is burned in 6 hours, divide E by 6 x 0.25 for that capacity. No. of Boiler 430 530 630 730 830 When A is burned in 6 hours Steam 1100 Equivalent capacity Water 1834 When A is burned in 8 hours „ r eam /Sic Equivalent capacity Water 147» When A is burned in 10 hours Steam bbO Equivalent capacity ■ ■ -Water 1100 When A is burned in 12 hours Steam 550 Equivalent capacity Water yi7 See Pages 4 and 5. 1462 1824 2436 3040 1097 1369 1828 2283 878 1095 1463 1826 731 912 1218 1520 2188 3650 1641 2736 1313 2190 1094 1825 2550 4250 1913 3190 1530 2550 1275 2125 28 "RICHARDSON" TANK HEATER RATINGS The capacities in gallons shown for the different styles of hot water Tank Heaters indicate the size of storage tank to which heater should be connected for ordinary domestic supply systems; and heaters have the capacity to impart from 25 to 40 degrees of heat per hour to the water, which fulfills the requirements of such systems. Where a specific quantity of water is required to be raised to a certain number of degrees per hour for special purposes, the boiler capacity required must be figured as follows: Multiply the number of gallons to be heated per hour by %\i lbs., which is the weight of one gallon of water, and this result by the number of degrees temperature water is to be raised; divide this result by 8,000 (the heat units utilized from one pound of fuel), and the result will be the number of pounds of coal which must be burned per hour; this divided by the rate of combustion at which the boiler is to be run, will give the square feet of grate required. Example: What size boiler will be required to heat a swimming pool containing 2,000 gallons from 40 to 70 degrees in 4 hours? 2,000 gallons to be heated in 4 hours is equal to 500 gallons per hour. 500 multiplied by 8^ equals'4,170 lbs. of water which, multiplied by 30 (which is the number of degrees the water is to be raised), equals 125,100 heat units required to raise 500 gallons of water 30 degrees in one hour. As 8,000 units is the value which can be utilized from one pound of fuel, 125,100 divided by 8,000 B. T. U. equals 16, which is the pounds of coal to be burned per hour, and burning 6 pounds of coal per square foot of grate would require a heater with 2% square feet of grate surface. Important When water heaters are subject to an unusual pressure or when the pressure is increased in the night, or during fires, it is necessary to provide the system with a water pressure-reducing valve. 29 "RICHARDSON" Hot Water and Tank Heaters Nos. 110, 112, 114 Nos, 116, 118, 120 Capacity 1 Tappings w Capacity Diameter - Flow M « N List Price in Gallons SquareFeet of of Grates- and Return Height Inches o a of Water Radiation Inches —Inches 110 $50.00 150 115 10 V/2 35^ 6 112 65.00 250 200 12 2 37 6 114 72.00 350 280 14 2/ 2 38^ 6 116 1 120.00 475 380 16 2}4 43M 7 118 ' 150.00 600 480 18 3 44X 8 120 185.00 725 580 20 3 uy 2 9 The three small sizes can he furnished with Brass Water Sections when desired. See page 28. 30 "RICHARDSON" Hot Water Tank and Laundry Heater with Square Top Also made with Round Top with One Boiler Hole Size Boiler Radiation 2 for 90-gallon— 60 feet 5 " 200- " 150 " No. 2 — 243^ inches high " 5—29 Will heat 24 flat irons Top surface 27 % x 21% inches Hot Water Laundry Heaters Size Boiler Height 6 for 60 gal.— 30 inches 7 " 90 " 30 " 8 " 110 " 33 " 10 " 125 " 34 M 6 for 8 irons 7 " g " 8 " 9 " 10 " 10 " Has Boiling Top with Front Feeder Also furnished with Brass Water Sections See page 28. 31 'RICHARDSON" Hot Water Laundry Heater Size 23, for 80-gallon Boiler Floor Space, 24 x 24^ inches, 23 inches high Hot Water Laundress Heater Size 12 for 50-gal. boiler i« 13 ii 6Q .1 12 height 17 inches 11 13 " 18M " " 12. Top 20MX20 1 /! in. 11 13. " 24^x24^ " Union Heater Size 1 for 40-gallon boiler. Top 14M x 21. Height 23 Ji inches Can also be furnished with Brass Water Sec- tions when desired See pagre 28. 32 Asbestos Covering The following is a list of the amount of Asbestos Cement required to cover 134 mcn thick the different sizes of "RICHARDSON" Boilers. Sectional Steam and Sectional Steam and Water Water 428 600 lbs. 429 650 418 175 lbs. 4210 700 422 200 4211 750 518 200 536 800 522 225 537 900 430 250 538 1000 622 250 539 1100 530 300 5310 1200 630 350 730 400 830 450 Round Steam and Water 214 200 161 100 lbs. 215 225 162 125 216 250 190 125 217 275 191 150 255 300 192 150 256 350 221 175 257 400 222 200 258 450 223 200 355 400 251 225 356 450 252 225 357 500 253 250 358 550 281 250 359 600 282 250 427 550 283 275 THE MILLER PRESS, NEW YORK